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The Villa Farnesina (or the Villa della Farnesina, or simply Farnesina) is a building in Rome. It is located on the Tiber Lungara, in the Trastevere district, in the Town Hall and is one of the important buildings of the Renaissance architecture of the early sixteenth century, the prototype of suburban Roman villa whose implementation had considerable resonance, because since 1511, the residence was painted according to an iconographic program of extraordinary magnitude given by the most important artists of the period: the same Peruzzi, Sebastiano del Piombo, Raphael and his school (including Giulio Romano) and Sodom.
It was built from 1508 to 1511 by the young Baldassarre Peruzzi for the rich Sienese banker Agostino Chigi, the great patron and a leading figure in the early sixteenth century Rome, who had amassed a large fortune by the sale of alum Tolfa and enjoyed the protection Pope Leo X. Villa Farnesina, was the first noble villa suburb of Rome, and had a great emphasis from the outset, kicking off a long series. Later, in 1580, the villa was bought by Cardinal Alessandro Farnese and had it the current name. The Accademia dei Lincei use the villa as a representative office. The building, on two floors, has an innovative plan in a horseshoe, which opens onto the garden with two wings between which there is a lodge located in the ground floor and consists of five arches that are now closed for protective glazing. This scheme allows a close link between the garden and the villa, call Vitruvian models and architectural patterns present in the work of Francesco di Giorgio Martini and sometimes early in the Villa near Siena. The lodge served as a stage for festivals and theatrical performances organized by the owner. The Italian garden which supplemented the villa has been much altered over time.
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